Homepage about the French photographer and postcard publisher Edmond Fortier (1862-1928) who settled in Dakar as from 1900 and who then probably was one of the most famous and of the first photographers in former French West Africa (AOF territory). The site shows many of his pictures from different francophone West African countries shortly after 1900.
Also look for the book: David, Philippe, 1987: Inventaire général des cartes postales Fortier. ... [editors ilissAfrica]
The dissertation challenges the common belief that Orality is obsolete and, as such, a sigh of "underdevelopment"; that Orality is anti-modernization and thus damned [sic] to disappear. Against this belief [it] will be shown here that Orality does not in any case disappear without leaving traces; that it is rather subject to transformation and is vibrant and prone to modernization (authors analysed: Amadou Kourouma, Birago Diop, Felix Couchoro)
[according to site editor's information] ... [supplemented]