The International Criminal Court (ICC), governed by the Rome Statute, is the first permanent, treaty based, international criminal court established to help end impunity for the perpetrators of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community.
The ICC is an independent international organisation, and is not part of the United Nations system. Its seat is at The Hague in the Netherlands. Although the Court's expenses are funded primarily by States Parties, it also receives voluntary contributions from governments, international organisations, individuals, corporations and other entities.
The international community has long aspired to the creation of a permanent international court, and, in the 20th century, it reached consensus on definitions of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. The Nuremberg and Tokyo trials addressed war crimes, crimes against peace, and crimes against humanity committed during the Second World War.
In the 1990s after the end of the Cold War, tribunals like the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda were the result of consensus that impunity is unacceptable. However, because they were established to try crimes committed only within a specific time-frame and during a specific conflict, there was general agreement that an independent, permanent criminal court was needed.
On 17 July 1998, the international community reached an historic milestone when 120 States adopted the Rome Statute, the legal basis for establishing the permanent International Criminal Court. ... [according to site editor's information]
This site provides news and expert analysis - updated regularly when the Court is in session - throughout the trial of Charles Taylor. It is intended as the primary resource for all those interested in the trial. Correspondents are international justice experts who will file daily blog reports directly from the courtroom. Their blog entries are supplemented by weekly reports, analysis, and essays on topics central to the trial. ... [according to site editor's information]
The Coalition for the International Criminal Court (CICC) is a global network of over 2,500 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) advocating for a fair, effective and independent International Criminal Court (ICC).
The ICC is the first permanent international judicial body capable of trying individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes when national courts are unable or unwilling to do so. ... [according to site editor's information]
The EAC is the regional intergovernmental organization of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania. It aims at widening and deepening co-operation among the Partner States in, among others, political, economic and social fields for their mutual benefit. To this extent the EAC countries established a Customs Union in 2005 and are working towards the establishment of a Common Market by 2010, subsequently a Monetary Union by 2012 and ultimately a Political Federation of the East African States. ... [according to site editor's information]
The VRWG works to ensure that victims' rights are effectively protected and respected, and that their needs and concerns are met throughout the judicial process of the International Criminal Court (ICC).
VRWG is a network of over 300 national and international civil society groups and experts created in 1997 under the auspices of the Coalition for the International Criminal Court. It was created by a number of international NGOs and experts but over the years has evolved to include NGOs from a wide array of countries.
A number of documents is downloadable. ... [according to site editor's information]
FARA is the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa, an umbrella organization bringing together and forming coalitions of major stakeholders in agricultural research and development in Africa. FARA complements the innovative activities of national, international and sub-regional research institutions to deliver more responsive and effective services to its stakeholders. It plays advocacy and coordination roles for agricultural research for development, while the national agricultural research systems (NARSs), advanced research institutions (ARIs) and international agricultural research centers (IARCs) develop improved technologies along the research-to-development continuum in their respective countries and coverage areas. ... [according to site editor's information]
AARDO is an autonomous inter-governmental organisation comprising thirty members from Africa and Asia. Its objectives are inter alia
- to explore collectively opportunities for coordination of efforts to promote welfare of the rural masses,
- to help the member countries in obtaining financial and technical assistance for rural development programmes,
- to assist in the development of organisation of farmers,
- to organise international and regional meetings,
- to initiate studies on subjects of common interest.
Regional offices are in Seoul (South Korea), Amman (Jordan), Cairo (Egypt), Lusaka (Zambia) and Accra (Ghana).
Some publications are accessible online. ... [according to site editor's information and Redaktion ilissAfrica]
The reason for the establishment of the Committee of Central Bank Governors was the need for a specialised body in SADC to promote and achieve closer co-operation among central banks within the Community. The activities of the Committee are mainly focused on assisting central bank Governors and officials in gaining a better knowledge and insight into each other's economies and monetary policies.
Some documents and statistics are downloadable. ... [according to site editor's information]
Les membres de la CEEAC sont Angola, Burundi, Cameroun, Centrafrique, Gabon, Congo (Brazzaville), Congo (Kinshasa), Guinée Equatoriale, São Tomé et Principe et Tchad. La Communauté a pour missions entre autres:
* la promotion et le renforcement d'une coopération harmonieuse et un développement économique et sociale équilibré ;
* l'élimination, entre les Etats membres, des droits de douanes et toutes autres taxes ;
* l'abolition, entre les Etats membres, des restrictions quantitatives et autres entraves au commerce ;
* l'établissement et le maintien d'un tarif douanier extérieur commun ;
* l'établissement d'une politique commerciale commune à l'égard des Etats tiers ;
* la suppression progressive entre les Etats membres des obstacles à la libre circulation des personnes, des biens et des services, des capitaux, et au droit d'établissement ;
* l'harmonisation des politiques nationales. ... [selon les informations de l'éditeur du site; Redaktion ilissAfrica]
ECOWAS is a regional group of fifteen countries, founded in 1975. Its mission is to promote economic integration in "all fields of economic activity, particularly industry, transport, telecommunications, energy, agriculture, natural resources, commerce, monetary and financial questions, social and cultural matters." ... [according to site editor's information]